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Skin

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Acne (MedlinePlus)

Treatment, medication and skin care for acne

Average Cost and Hospital Length of Stay for Pressure Ulcers (pdf)

Pressure ulcers, or decubitus ulcers (commonly called bed sores) rose nearly 80% between 1993 and 2006, according to the AHRQ government agency. Average estimated cost was $16,800 for hospitalization primarily for pressure ulcers in 2006 (often associated with paralysis, spinal cord injury, dementia, diabetes); 4.2% of these patients died in the hospital. Most pressure ulcer cases however had some Other main reason for being admitted - such as septicemia, pneumonia, or urinary tract infections; 11.6% of these patients died in hospital; average est. cost was over $20,000. Average length of stay was 12.7 to 14.1 days, compared to 5 days for other types of adult admissions. Statistical Brief #64 published December 2008

Average Cost for Dermatology Prescriptions 2008

Average cost for a prescription dermatologic agent (e.g. drug or topical product to treat acne, fungal infections, psoriasis) was $67 in 2008. For people who had dermatology prescriptions, their costs averaged $152. Data from the MEPS survey in 2008; Statistical Brief #356, Feb. 2012

Bed Sores, Pressure Sores (MedlinePlus)

Prevent Bedsores and you contribute to survival. Also called pressure ulcers. The JAMA Patient Page article describes the four stages of pressure sore development

Cellulitis (MedlinePlus)

Find out about cellulitis infection and when to take skin rashes more seriously. Relationship to life-threatening sepsis. Read the overview written by the Mayo Clinic

Cellulitis (Overview)

Causes, symptoms, tests, treatment, prognosis, possible complications. Includes pictures of cellulitis on the arm, for example. From MedlinePlus

Dermatology A to Z Glossary (AAD)

Glossary of terms related to skin conditions, dermatologic procedures and other topics in the field of dermatology by the American Academy of Dermatology. Includes videos on special topics. For the public

Flesh-Eating Bacteria, Necrotizing Fasciitis: CDC Info

Learn about diseases that can be caused by invasive Group A Streptococcus bacteria, such as necrotizing fasciitis (est. mortality rate of 25%), and the link between flesh-eating bacteria and Strep throat. Learn why the CDC recommends people with Strep throat stay home for the first 24 hours they are on antibiotics. Updated 2008

Skin Cancer (healthfinder)

Brief overview of basal cell carcinoma (with picture) and squamous cell carcinoma; moles, prevention. safe sun behavior and more

Skin Cancer - Melanoma (ACS)

Overview and details about melanoma, including risk factors, by the American Cancer Society. Great place to start

See Also: Cancer / Oncology Topic at Consumer Health Ratings

Other Helpful Listings

20 Most Expensive Conditions Requiring Hospital Stay, 2011 (pdf)

Septicemia, osteoarthritis, complication of device, implant or graft, childbirth, heart attack (AMI), back problems, pneumonia, congestive heart failure (CHF), coronary atherosclerosis and respiratory failure were the top 10 of a list of 20 health conditions that cost the nation the most in hospital charges in 2011 - to nearly half (47%) of the total national hospital bill. Most expensive condition billed to the uninsured was heart attack (AMI). 12-page Statistical Brief #160 by AHRQ uses 2011 HCUP data; pub. Aug. 2013

Ambulatory Surgery Average Charges in U.S. Hospitals, 2007  Editor's Pick

Find average prices (mean charge) for about 80 outpatient ambulatory surgery procedures done in hospitals in 2007 (excluding surgeon's or other physician fees.) Average colonoscopy & biopsy price was $2369; upper GI endoscopy $3131; cataract & lens was $4870; tonsillectomy $5286; knee cartilage $7357; hernia repair $8187; outpatient gallbladder removal (cholecystectomy) $10,838; breast biopsy $3863; lumpectomy $7458; ear tube surgery (myringotomy) $3547; D&C $6366; arthroscopy $8970; incontinence procedures $9929; vericose veins $8459; bunionectomy $7699; wrist fracture $7807; $4770 for circumcision. Consumers will need to adjust the 2007 prices to estimate 2010 facility costs; 2007 prices for many surgeries were up 25% to 41 percent over 2003 prices. Overall average was $6100, compared to nearly $40,000 for inpatient surgery. AHRQ Statistical Brief # 86 is based on 28 states (2/3 of US population) published February 2010

Arkansas Average Inpatient Charges - Top 30 hospital stays (pdf)

Average charges (prices) per patient for the Top 30 hospitalizations (DRGs) in AR, such as newborn and maternity delivery, psychoses, rehabilitation, heart failure, pneumonia, COPD, digestive disorders, hip or knee replacement, chest pain, cardiac cath, diabetes, asthsma, stroke, hysterectomy (DRG 743), septicemia, Kidney failure, UTI, cellulitis and more. Overall, prices were $12,126 per case ($2737 per day) in 2007. For reference, a normal delivery for mother & baby cost $7873 (add $6466 for C-Section without complications); a 12.5-day rehabilitation stay cost $21,628; hip or knee replacement averaged $33,090 ($9166 per day); drug-eluting stent DRG 247 was $18,158 per day for $37,043 per case on average. Huge file; slow download. Summer 2009 report (page 22) by the Arkansas Hospital Association shows 2007 prices. Consumers may expect higher prices in 2009

California - Average Inpatient and Outpatient Hospital Prices, 2014

Find prices for CA hospitals including Kaiser and Shriners. Inpatient prices are listed in the complicated Charge Master, which shows the charge for every pill, lab test and hospital room rate. MRI and CT tests should be included. More useful are the outpatient files (look for Common25 in the filename), which list the average cost (charge) for top 25 types of outpatient procedures or surgery with CPT code). Hospital Outpatient reports may show prices for Emergency Dept. visit, lab tests, CT, MRI, Mammo, x-ray, ultrasound, PT visit, Arthroscopy, colonoscopy, hernia repair, gall bladder removal, etc., depending on their highest volume. Files are in Excel file format. Prices are from June 2014. Consumers can see one hospital at a time

Colorado 2010 Hospital Charges & Length of Stay (pdf)

Find 2010 average charges (prices), a likely range of costs, number of patients and average length of stay by CO hospital name, for 35 common inpatient medical conditions and surgical procedures. Excludes doctors' fees and outpatient surgery. Shown by region, e.g. Denver area. At the end of each category (APR-DRG), statewide total averages are shown. You may read the pages free on online, but to be able to print any page, you may have to purchase the $250 report (338 pages). Published by the Colorado Hospital Association Aug. 2011

Cost of an Office Visit, 2013 (MEPS)

Average cost paid (payments) for an office-based physician visit in 2013 was $228. For primary care (family medicine, internists and general practice) the average was$166. Pediatrics came in at $161; psychiatry at $143,Derm at $221, OB/GYN was $227 per visit. Specialists in Ophthalmology were $253, but Orthopedics and Cardiology jumped to $302 and 303 respectively. Other specialists (as a group) averaged $310. Median or typical expenses were considerably lower at $108 overall, and $103 for primary care, $100 for psychiatry and ranging up to $124 median for dermatology. Mean out of pocket expense for primary care was $42 for primary care, if the patient had some responsibility. Statistical Brief #484, pub. Nov. 2015 by AHRQ using MEPS data

Florida - Average Charges for Inpatient Hospital Stays (Top 10 DRGs) (pdf)

Average charges (price) & Length of Stay for top 10 types of hospital stays, such as childbirth (vaginal delivery without complicating diagnoses was over $11,000 plus normal newborn charges of about $2500) and Cesarean section ($20k); psychoses ($14,824); chest pain; joint replacement (e.g. hip and knee) surgery [average $59,000], cellulitis; kidney & UTI. While the top 10 averaged $17,000 per case, the average charge when all of Florida's 2.6 million cases were examined was $39,000. Report by the FL Hospital Association; find 2010 data on page 3. Updated 2011

Guide to Clinical Preventive Services 2015  Editor's Pick

Recommendations from the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) for 95 Screening tests, Preventive Medication, and Counseling activities. Sample Topics: Screening Mammography at age 50, Cancer (e.g. which is more cost effective - colonoscopy or fecal occult blood testing for colorectal cancer?), recommended screening for bladder cancer or skin cancer, Heart Disease (including aspirin for prevention), smoking cessation, screening for depression in children, diabetes screening, folic acid supplements, glaucoma screening, osteoporosis, COPD and spirometry

Indiana Hospital & Ambulatory Surgery Center Medical Errors 2014

Indiana Medical Error Reporting System final report for 2014 summarizes 114 reportable events in hospitals and outpatient surgery centers in 2014. Adverse Events such as leaving a foreign object inside a patient after surgery, operating on the wrong body part. or Stage 3 or 4 pressure ulcers (bedsores) acquired after admission, are based on NQF's list of 28 serious, largely preventable adverse events. List of events by facility name is a separate 293-page pdf file called Data Tables. Market share data included. Published by IN State Dept. of Health (ISDH, in.gov) October 2015

Minnesota - Hospital Price Check (Inpatient & Outpatient)

Hospital-specific prices (charges) for the 50 most common inpatient hospitalizations (DRGs) and top 25 same-day surgery procedures in MN. Find average or median inpatient cost, volume and length of stay for newborns and child birth delivery, pneumonia, chest pain, COPD, hip or knee replacement, appendectomy, cellulitis, hysterectomy, rehab, other surgeries & many more. Outpatient prices for biopsies, cataracts, colonoscopy, ear tubes, gallbladder, hernia repair, arthroscopy, tonsillectomy, upper GI endoscopy, hysteroscopy, carpal tunnel and other same-day surgery. Must know the County in order to select which hospital's prices you want. See one hospital and one procedure at a time; by Minnesota Hospital Association, 2010 prices

MN Physician fees, office visit cost, colonoscopy, more

Find how much physicians charge for 105 professional services in Minnesota, ND, SD, WI through Minnesota HealthScores' Cost Report feature. Compare prices over 150 participating medical groups, and hundreds of clinic locations in Minnesota, and some border communities, for doctor office visits, lab tests, colonoscopy, endoscopy, minor office surgical procedures such as ear wax or wart removal; immunization, psychotherapy. Obstetric services, including inpatient delivery. Medical groups include Allina, Altru, Apple Valley, Aspen, Avera, Brainerd, Children's Physician Network, Dakota Clinic, Edina, Fairview, Fergus, Grand Itasca, Gundersen, HealthEast, HealthPartners, Lakewood, Mankato, Mayo Clinic, MeritCare, Innovis, North Memorial, Northstar, Olmsted, Osceola, Park Nicollet, Regina, Ridgeview, Sanford, St. Cloud CentraCare, St. Luke's, St. Mary's Duluth Clinic, Stillwater, United, University of Minnesota, Winona Clinic, and more; OB-GYN clinics, Report by MN Community Measurement. Does NOT include facility charges which are in the thousands for colonoscopy or childbirth. Interactive easy-to-use format. Costs shown are what BCBS, Health Partners, Medica, and Preferred One PAID in 2008, after their discounts. Consumers should assume 2011 prices are higher

Montana Hospital Outpatient Surgery Costs

Compare MT hospital charges for ambulatory surgery and diagnostic tests such as colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, breast biopsy, cardiac stress tests, cardiac catheterization. All prices EXCLUDE surgeon fees and other physician costs. PricePoint system shows last year's facility prices for common surgical procedures such as tonsillectomy, cataracts, ear tubes, knee cartilage, bunions, child's appendix removal, carpal tunnel, skin lesions, upper GI endoscopy; 2010 costs

Nebraska Hospital PricePoint System (Inpatient Charges)

Find average price and typical charges for many types of inpatient hospital stays in NE. Examples: maternity prices, angioplasty, heart surgery, some cancer services, hip & knee surgery, bowel surgery, pneumonia, stroke, UTI, gall bladder surgery (inpatient only). Includes volume, average length of stay in the hospital, and median age of patient. Does not include physician costs. Shows one hospital/ one disease or condition at a time; 2009-2010 data. All cities including Omaha, Lincoln, Grand Island, Creighton, Norfolk, Kearney. NHA Care Compare is sponsored by the Nebraska Hospital Association

Vermont - Hospital Outpatient Surgery Prices, 2013 (pdf)

Table 2A lets you compare average gross charge (the closest you will get to average cost) for most common outpatient surgical procedures at 14 general hospitals in VT. Prices for procedures such as carpal tunnel ($4241), cataract surgery (average $5720), endoscopy ($2671), bladder endoscopy $1419, knee cartilage surgery ($6609 average), shoulder surgery (18,580), gall bladder removal (average $11,631, range $8404 to $25,707 for laparoscopy), breast biopsy (avg. $4038), other biopsies, ear tubes (average $3044), tonsillectomy (about $5900), nerve block ($1717), bunion removal (range $6276 to $17,348), nonsurgical skin treatments (avg $2356), hernia repair $9191, and many more procedures; 12-month avg. charges ending Sept. 30, 2013, DO NOT include the surgeon or other physician fees. As with all of Vermont's reports, the font size is about as small as you can get. More than two years old. Table 2B shows how many of those procedures the hospital did

Vermont - Inpatient Hospital Average Prices, 2013 (pdf)

Report shows average prices (charges) for each VT hospital's most frequent inpatient admissions - includes newborn delivery, cesarean section, pneumonia, total hip or knee replacement, depression, psychoses such as schizophrenia, COPD & emphysema, heart failure, chest pain, rehabilitation, stomach problems, appendectomy, hysterectomy, bowel, TURP and other surgery; stent, heart cath, heart rhythm problems, back problems, kidney or urinary tract infection, and other hospital stays. All common hospital admissions except newborns were more than $7500. Knee replacement about $40,000. Compare costs on 55 different types of cases, listed by MS-DRG. Links to hospital discount policies for consumers with cost concerns; 2012-2013 average charges

Wisconsin Hospitals PricePoint (Average Inpatient Prices)

Average charge and length of stay for common hospitalizations including maternity and newborn births, hip or knee replacement surgery, gallbladder removal, heart surgery, angioplasty, arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat), valves, cardiac cath, pacemaker, pneumonia, bipolar and other mental health, stroke, asthma, back care, asthma, COPD, rehab; kidney, heart, lung or other transplant; hysterectomy, prostate surgery, bowel surgery & more; Top 25 shown in a short report for each hospital. From WHA Information Center, part of the Wisconsin Hospital Association, using 2011-2012 data. Last year's charges are currently the closest information consumers are able to find about average costs; surgeon fees NOT included. It takes a few screens, but you can compare four hospitals (anywhere in the state) at one time. Wisc. Hospital Assn. created the PricePoint System now used in other states. Also shows charity care and inpatient volumes

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