Diabetes and hypertension are the two most common causes of end stage renal disease (ESRD). The five stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are outlined here. It describes how CKD progresses toward kidney failure, resulting in end-stage renal disease. If you want to avoid kidney dialysis, this site shows you the steps you need to take early on, including managing your diabetes and high blood pressure. It also explains estimated glomerular filtration rate, or eGFR. Information from the American Kidney Fund. Updated October 2022.